Transformative Roles of Science in Society: From Emerging Basic Science Toward Solutions for People’s Wellbeing

acta25

Proceedings of the Plenary Session
12-14 November 2018
Acta 25
Vatican City, 2018
E-Pub ahead of print 

OPENING SESSION

Pope Francis | Address

Past President Werner Arber | Opening, Words of Welcome and Concept of the Plenary

Bloc 1. Scientific assessment of a set of large global humanities issues

SESSION I – Population and Science Approaches

World Population Change – Future Dynamics
Wolfgang Lutz

The Complementary Nature of Scientific Experimentation and Thought Experiments
Werner Arber and Marcel Weber

Discussion

SESSION II – Climate and Energy

Energy for the Nine Billion
Steven Chu

Energies for the Future
Carlo Rubbia

Discussion

What Must Be Sustained to Enable Sustainable Improvements in People’s Well-being?
William C. Clark

Where on Earth Are We Heading: Pliocene or Miocene?
Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

Discussion

SESSION III – Health

The Revolution of Personalized Medicine – Bioethical Obstacles on the Road of Technological Advances
Aaron J. Ciechanover

Organ Transplants
Francis L. Delmonico

The Three-Dimensional Architecture of the Human Genome: Understanding the Physical Mechanisms Controlling Gene Expression
José Nelson Onuchic

Next Generation Antibiotics
Ada E. Yonath

Discussion 

SESSION IV – Ecology and Biosystems

What Should We Try to Do in an Age of Extinction?
Peter H. Raven

Science in a Post-Truth World: Hope for People and the Ocean
Jane Lubchenco

Discussion

Bloc 2. Frontiers in science disciplines

SESSION V – Physics

Constants of Nature and Their Applications
Klaus von Klitzing

Basic Research and a Moral Responsibility of Scientists
Daniel Kleppner

Discussion

SESSION VI – Physics

Making the Revolutions of Quantum Technology Deliver for People and Planet
Massimo Inguscio

Science Addressing Questions Not Easily Addressed by “the” Scientific Method. The Origins of Life
Steven A. Benner

Discussion

SESSION VII – Astronomy, Space

The Space Renaissance and Impacts on Humanity
Will Marshall

The Uses of Small Satellites for Environmental Monitoring, Bringing We-Fi to Africa, and Related Opportunities
Martin N. Sweeting

Discussion

Exoplanets and Beyond
Sara Seager

Our Place in Space and Time
John D. Barrow

Wnt Signaling as a regulator of cellular endocytosis and protein stability
Edward M. De Robertis

Discussion

SESSION VIII – Biology, Genetics, Bio-Chemistry, Chemistry

Stem Cells and Tissue Regeneration
Helen M. Blau

The Role of Microscopy in Improving the Human Condition
Robert Eric Betzig

Discussion

On Gene Biology and Evolution
Takashi Gojobori

The Dependence Receptor Paradigm: When an Original Cell Death Pathway is Used as a Therapeutic Strategy Against Cancer
Patrick Mehlen

From Basic Research on Amino Acid Polymers to the Most Used Drug Against Multiple Sclerosis
Michael Sela

Discussion

Cancer Immunotherapy: Improved Treatment and Issues
Thierry Boon-Falleur

The CRISPR-Cas Technique for Gene Editing and its Impact on Society
Rafael Vicuña

Discussion

Bloc 3. Transformative roles of science in societies

SESSION IX – Future Science Policy | Discussion Among Leaders of Science Organizations, Policy Makers, Religious Communities and Academicians

1. Jean Pierre Bourguignon | President of the European Research Council
2. Georg Schütte | State Secretary of Education and Science, Germany
3. Promoting inclusive innovation in Latin America | Lino Barañao | Former Science Minister of Argentina
4. Rev. Antje Jackelén | The Lutheran Archbishop of Uppsala in Sweden and Primate (inter pares) of the Church of Sweden
5. Transformative Science? Transformative University? | Jürgen Mittelstraß | Academician, The Pontifical Academy of Sciences
6. El futuro ecológico de las grandes ciudades | Cardinal Lluís Martínez Sistach | Archbishop Emeritus of Barcelona, Spain
7. Msgr. Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo | Chancellor, The Pontifical Academy of Sciences

Panelists’ Discussion with Academicians and Guest Speakers

SESSION X – Transformative Roles of Science, People and Education

The Role of Science in the Culture of our Time (Modern or Pre-Aristotelic?)
Antonino Zichichi

Education for a Digital Sustainable Environment
Antonio M. Battro

Science Education & Climate Change Authors
Yves Quéré

Discussion

SESSION XI – Conclusions of the 2018 Plenary

General Discussion based on Final Statement

SESSION XII – Closed Session for Academicians

Self-Presentations
1. Helen M. Blau
2. Robert Eric Betzig
3. Steven Chu
4. Rev. Guy Joseph Consolmagno SJ
5. Mohamed H.A. Hassan

Commemorations
1. Günter Blobel (Edward M. De Robertis)
2. Stephen W. Hawking (Martin J. Rees)
3. Fotis C. Kafatos (Nicole M. Le Douarin)
4. Félix Malu wa Kalenga (Vanderlei S. Bagnato)
5. Vera Rubin (Martin J. Rees)

Award Ceremony of the Pius XI Medal
1. Noble Ephraim Banadda
2. David M. Sabatini
3. Miriam Serena Vitiello 

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