Science and Sustainability. Impacts of Scientific Knowledge and Technology on Human Society and its Environment

acta24

Proceedings of the Plenary Session
25-29 November 2016
Acta 24
Vatican City, 2016
E-Pub ahead of print 

OPENING SESSION

Word of Welcome
Werner Arber

Presentation of the Plenary Session
H.E. Msgr. Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo

Long Term Responsibility
Jürgen Mittelstraß

The Project for Mankind for a Sustainable Development of the World
Antonino Zichichi

Discussion

NEUROSCIENCES AND SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION SESSION

Building a Bridge from Neuroscience to Education
Stanislas Dehaene

Discussion

Educating for Sustainable Development: A Crucial Role for Science Academies
Pierre Léna

Discussion

SPECIAL SESSION • Cosmology on the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of Msgr. Georges Lemaître’s Death

The Future of Space Exploration and Technology
Martin J. Rees

Discussion

Exploiting Solar System Resources: Opportunities and Issues
Guy Consolmagno

Discussion

The Origin of the Universe
Stephen W. Hawking

The State of Understanding of the Nature and Evolution of the Observable Universe
James P. Peebles

Discussion

The Quantum Universe
Robbert Dijkgraaf

Discussion

What We Learn When We Learn that the Universe is Accelerating
Saul Perlmutter

Discussion

Thousands of New Worlds
Lisa Kaltenegger

Discussion

The Figure and Legacy of Msgr. Lemaître
Thomas Hertog

Discussion

Role of Space Technology for enabling inter-generational equity of natural capital and disaster resilience: Corollaries of Indian Space Program
Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan

Discussion

Scaling in Particle Physics and Cosmology
Rudolf Muradyan

Discussion

CHEMISTRY SESSION

Atmospheric Chemistry and Sustainability
Mario J. Molina

Discussion

Novel Strategies for Energy Devices Based on Advanced Materials
Chintamani N.R. Rao

Discussion

BIOLOGY SESSION

Sustainable Cohabitation of Living Organisms
Werner Arber

Discussion

New Development in Genome Engineering: Scientific and Ethical Aspects
Nicole Le Douarin

Discussion

New Knowledge on the Causes of Human Congenital Malformations and its Impact on Society
Edward M. De Robertis

Discussion

The Challenges of Complexity in the Life Sciences and Society
Wolf J. Singer

Discussion

My Sixty-Six Years of Medical Research
Michael Sela

Discussion

Impacts of Microbial Studies on Human Society and its Environment
Takashi Gojobori

Discussion

Plastics in the Ocean: A Current Perspective on Their Biodegradation
Rafael Vicuña

Discussion

General discussion

HUMAN SCIENCES SESSION

Presentation on the Current Status of Organ Donation and Transplantation Around World – With the Dilemma of Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism
Francis L. Delmonico

Discussion

The Advancements in the Fight Against Cancer
Salvador Moncada

Discussion

The New Alliance Between Science, Policy and Religion in the Pursuit of Sustainability
Veerabhadran Ramanathan

Discussion

Award Ceremony of the Pius XI Medal to Mariano Sigman

SELF-PRESENTATIONS AND COMMEMORATIONS

Self-Presentations
Francis L. Delmonico, Cédric Villani, Salvador E. Moncada, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

Commemorations
Czesław Olech: Mathematics ➜ Juan Maldacena
Walter Thirring: Physics ➜ Carlo Rubbia
Alexander Rich: Biophysics ➜ Werner Arber
Charles Townes: Physics ➜ William Phillips
Georges M.M. Cottier: Philosophy ➜ Jean-Michel Maldamé
Ahmed Zewail: Chemistry/Physics ➜ Theodor W. Hänsch
Raymond Hide: Geophysics ➜ Martin J. Rees
Mambillikalathil G.K. Menon: Physics ➜ Chintamani N.R. Rao

Audience with Pope Francis, Hall of the Consistory, Apostolic Palace

Presentation of the Proceedings of the International Colloquium of April 2013 entitled “Sur le chemin de l’Humanité. Via humanitatis. Les grandes étapes de l’évolution morphologique et culturelle de l’Homme. Émergence de l’être humain”, co-edited by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and by CNRS Editions. Interventions by the President Werner Arber and Professor Henry de Lumley

SPECIAL SESSION • Energy

Introduction
Theodor Hänsch

Energy in Perspective
Stephen Chu

Discussion

The Future of Energy
Carlo Rubbia

Discussion

Solar Cells and Solar Energy
Klaus von Klitzing

Discussion

What to Expect from Nuclear Fusion Energy
Sibylle Günter

Discussion

New Prospects for Electrical Batteries
Yi Cui

Discussion 

Sustainable Thorium Energy for the World
Jean-Pierre Charles Revol

Discussion

Efficient Use of Electrical Power in the Context of Sustainability
William Phillips

Discussion

General Discussion

PHYSICS SESSION

New Photonic Ways to Control Local Infections in Young Kids – Avoiding the Antibiotic Catastrophe
Vanderlei S. Bagnato

Discussion

Down the Carbon Staircase!
Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

Discussion

SPECIAL SESSION • Food & Nutrition – The Role of Biotechnology in Agriculture

Welcome and Introduction
Ingo Potrykus

The Need for Sustained Improvements
Joachim von Braun

Discussion

Increasing Crop Yield Potential: A Role for Genetic Modification?
Peter Beyer

Discussion

Reducing Mineral and Vitamin Deficiencies Through Biofortification: Progress Under HarvestPlus
Howarth Bouis

Discussion

Effects on Biodiversity
Peter Raven

Discussion

Sustained Soil Management – “No Till” – Agriculture
Mariano M. Bosch

Discussion

Socio-Economic Impacts Pro Poor
Matin Qaim

Discussion

The Role of the Public Sector – “New Technologies”
Marc van Montagu

Discussion

The Role of Plant Biotechnology in Human Health. Public Sector Constraints: The Golden Rice Experience
Adrian Dubock

Discussion

The Devastating Effect of Regulation and the Nobel Laureate Campaign in favor of GMOs
Richard J. Roberts

Discussion

Summary
Joachim von Braun

CLOSING SESSION

General Discussion and Final Statement

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